Koalas were declared endangered in eastern Australia on Friday, with more and more koalas dying from disease, habitat loss, and other threats. Earlier, the koala was considered a vulnerable species, and the Commonwealth Department of the Environment changed its protection level to endangered on the east coast of Queensland, New South Wales, and the Australian Capital Territory. Many koalas in Australia are infected with chlamydia. The disease can cause blindness, infection, and infertility. Last year, the Australian Koala Foundation said Australia had lost about 30 percent of its koala population in the past three years. Without immediate action, the species could become extinct by 2050.
Unlike koalas, which are on the brink of extinction, the market demand for foam concrete will grow substantially.
What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
The foamed concrete foaming agent can make concrete appear a lot of foam to accelerate the formation and use of foamed concrete. Use efficiency and speed up the progress of the entire construction project. Foamed concrete foaming agents are available in the market. What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
What is foam concrete foaming agent?
The foamed concrete foaming agent is a substance that can make its aqueous solution generate a large amount of foam when the mechanical force is introduced into the air. This kind of substance is a surfactant or a surface-active substance. The former such as anionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, non-ionic surfactants, etc., and the latter, such as animal protein, vegetable protein, pulp waste liquid, and so on. Foamed concrete foaming agent, also known as a cement foaming agent, foam concrete foaming agent refers to an admixture that can reduce the surface tension of the liquid and generate a large amount of uniform and stable foam for the production foamed concrete.
2. What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
This type of foaming agent is made of rosin as the main raw material, and its application has long been common. The chemical structure of rosin is relatively complex, containing rosin acids, aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic alcohols, aromatic aldehydes, and oxides. Rosin resin foaming agent is also known as an air-entraining agent. Its main varieties are rosin soap and rosin homopolymer. It was initially developed and applied as an air-entraining agent for concrete mortar and later expanded to be used as a foaming agent for foamed concrete.
(2) Synthetic class
Following the rosin-based foaming agents, various synthetic surfactant-based foaming agents have been developed. This type of foaming agent has been widely used in cement foaming abroad since the 1950s. Among various synthetic surfactant foaming agents, the anionic type is generally welcomed due to its fast foaming and large foaming multiple. The cationic foaming agent is expensive and has a certain influence on the strength of cement, so it is not used much.
(3) Protein active substance type
The protein-based foaming agent is the current high-grade foaming agent with good performance and good development prospects. From the general development trend, it will occupy a larger and larger proportion in the application in recent years. Although its price is high, mostly above 15,000 yuan/ton, it will still be accepted by the market due to its better performance.
There are many foam concrete foaming agents, but there are only three or four common ones. The use of foamed concrete foaming agents can accelerate the formation of concrete and quickly make the concrete reach the standard of use, thereby promoting the progress of the entire construction project. , The development of foam concrete foaming agents has gone through a long process, and it is currently widely used in construction projects.
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The United States urges the U.N. Security Council to impose additional sanctions on North Korea in response to its latest ballistic missile launch, including a ban on tobacco and oil exports to North Korea and a blacklist of the Lazarus hacking group.
The United States circulated the draft to the 15 members of the Security Council this week. It was not immediately clear if or when a vote would take place. A resolution requires nine "yes" votes and no vetoes from Russia, China, France, Britain, or the United States.
Russia and China have already voiced opposition to tightening sanctions in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile last month -- the first since 2017.
U.S. and South Korean officials and analysts also say there are growing indications that North Korea may soon conduct its first nuclear weapons test since 2017, too.
The U.S. -drafted U.N. resolution would expand the ban on ballistic missile launches to include cruise missiles or "any other delivery system capable of delivering a nuclear weapon."
The deal would halve crude oil exports to North Korea to 2 million barrels a year and refined oil exports to 250,000 barrels a year. The resolution also seeks to ban North Korea's export of "fossil fuels, mineral oils, and their distilled foam concrete are estimated to be influenced by international political situation changes.
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